There are many options available in lumbar disc herniation surgery with today's technology. Open surgery was the only option before the surgical microscopy can be used. After the using surgical microscopy, the lumbar disc herniation surgery has begun to be performed with very small skin incisions and minimal tissue trauma. Negative prejudices in the society about lumbar disc herniation surgery remain from the times when surgical microscopy was not used. Complications rates were higher in surgeries that were performed without using microscopy. Usually, physicians hear questions or sentences from their patients like that are "Would I get paralyzed if I had surgery?” and "A patient who is familiar for my neighbor had surgery and could not get up again." or "Do not have a surgery!" Everything that is said in this way by patients are due to the high complication rates in surgeries that were performed without using microscopy. But with the development of microsurgery and endoscopic surgery, the risk is now almost zero in the lumbar disc herniation surgery.