VERTEBRAL COLUMN AND SPINAL CORD TUMORS
Tumors originating from the vertebrae bones are usually caused by tumors developing in other organs metastasizing to the vertebra, i.e. jump to the spine. Tumors originating from the direct spine bones are less common. Tumor is more often seen in the back and low back bones. Spinal cord tumors can also develop from the spinal cord itself or from metastasizing tumor from other organs. Tumors originating from the spinal cord itself can develop from the meninges surrounding the spinal cord, the spinal nerves or the inside of spinal cord.
SYMPTOMS IN VERTEBRAL COLUMN TUMORS?
The most common symptom is pain. The pain is seen in bone which the tumor holds. For example, if tumor locates on the back bone, the pain is seen in the back, if tumor locates on the low back bone, the pain is seen in the low back. The pain is usually seen during rest time. If the tumor reached a large size and begins to compress on the spinal cord and nerves, the pain, numbness, or weakness would be seen in one or both legs. And if there is tumor reaching large size in neck bone, pain, numbness and weakness are seen in arms.
SYMPTOMS IN SPINAL CORD TUMORS?
The findings and symptoms of spinal cord tumors vary according to the location of the tumor and the size of the tumor. Symptoms such as numbness and insensitivity in arms or legs, difficulty walking, loss of pain or heat sensation, fecal and urinary incontinence, paralysis at the arms or legs can be seen.
DIAGNOSIS IN VERTEBRAL COLUMN AND SPINAL CORD TUMORS?
First of all, a detailed physical examination is performed. Medicated (contrasted) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the imaging method is the gold standard. Apart from MRI, imaging methods such as computed tomography (CT), bone scintigraphy and PET-CT are also used.
TREATMENT IN VERTEBRAL COLUMN AND SPINAL CORD TUMORS?
Treatment is usually surgical intervention. The surgically removed tumor tissue is sent to pathology to determine whether it is benign or malignant. If benign tumors can be completely surgically removed, there is little chance of recurrence and there is no need for additional treatment modalities such as post-operative chemotherapy or radiotherapy. If the tumor is malignant, additional treatment is usually necessary since it is likely to recur after surgery.